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Installation

This section describes on how to install Xdebug.

How you install Xdebug depends on your system. There are the following possibilities:

Installing on Linux

Installing Xdebug with a package manager is often the fastest way. Depending on your distribution, run the following command:

Linux distributions might be providing an old and/or outdated version. If the package manager installs a version that is no longer supported (see Supported Versions), please install Xdebug with PECL, or from source instead.

Xdebug's latest version is 2.9.8.

Installing with PECL

You can install Xdebug through PECL on Linux & macOS with Homebrew. Run:

pecl install xdebug

Warning: You should ignore any prompts to add "extension=xdebug.so" to php.ini — this will cause problems.

In some cases pecl will change the php.ini file to add a configuration line to load Xdebug. You can check whether it did by running php -v. If Xdebug shows up with a version number, than you're all set and you can configure Xdebug's other functions, such as Step Debugging, or Profiling.

If pecl did not add the right line, skip to the Configure PHP section.

1 On macOS, you should have PHP installed with Homebrew.

Installing on Windows

There are a few precompiled modules for Windows, they are all for the non-debug version of PHP. You can get those at the download page. Follow these instructions to get Xdebug installed.

Installation From Source

Obtain

You can download the source of the latest stable release 2.9.8.

Alternatively you can obtain Xdebug from GIT:

git clone git://github.com/xdebug/xdebug.git

This will checkout the latest development version which is currently 3.0.0beta1. This development branch might not always work as expected, and may have bugs.

You can also browse the source on GitHub at https://github.com/xdebug/xdebug.

Compile

There is a wizard available that provides you with the correct file to download, and which paths to use.

You compile Xdebug separately from the rest of PHP. You need access to the scripts phpize and php-config. If your system does not have phpize and php-config, you will need to install the PHP development headers.

Debian users can do that with:

apt-get install php-dev

And RedHat and Fedora users with:

yum install php-devel

It is important that the source version matches the installed version as there are slight, but important, differences between PHP versions. Once you have access to phpize and php-config, take the following steps:

  1. Unpack the tarball:

    tar -xzf xdebug-2.9.8.tgz

    You should not unpack the tarball inside the PHP source code tree. Xdebug is compiled separately, all by itself, as stated above.

  2. cd xdebug-2.9.8

  3. phpize

    If phpize is not in your path, please make sure that it is by expanding the PATH environment variable. Make sure you use the phpize that belongs to the PHP version that you want to use Xdebug with. See this FAQ entry if you're having some issues with finding which phpize to use.

  4. ./configure --enable-xdebug

  5. make

  6. make install

Configure PHP

  1. Add the following line to php.ini:

    zend_extension=/wherever/you/put/it/xdebug

    To find out which php.ini file to modify, run a script with the following:

    <?php
    var_dump(php_ini_loaded_file(), php_ini_scanned_files());
    

    Alternatively, you can run php --ini on the command line.

    Note: There could be more than one php.ini file. In many set-ups there is a different one for the command line (often cli/php.ini) and the web server (often fpm/php.ini).

    Note: If you want to use Xdebug and OPCache together, you must have the zend_extension line for Xdebug below the line for OPCache. Otherwise, they won't work properly together.

  2. Restart your webserver, or PHP-FPM, depending on what you are using.

  3. Verify that Xdebug is now loaded.

    Create a PHP page that calls xdebug_info(). If you request the page through the browser, it should show you an overview of Xdebug's settings and log messages.

    On the command line, you can also run php -v. Xdebug and its version number should be present as in:

    PHP 7.4.10 (cli) (built: Aug 18 2020 09:37:14) ( NTS DEBUG )
    Copyright (c) The PHP Group
    Zend Engine v3.4.0, Copyright (c) Zend Technologies
      with Zend OPcache v7.4.10-dev, Copyright (c), by Zend Technologies
      with Xdebug v3.0.0-dev, Copyright (c) 2002-2020, by Derick Rethans
    

With Xdebug loaded, you can now enable individual features, such as Step Debugging, or Profiling.

Related Settings and Functions

Settings


string xdebug.log = #

Configures Xdebug's log file.

Xdebug will log to this file all file creations issues, Step Debugging connection attempts, failures, and debug communication.

Enable this functionality by setting the value to a absolute path. Make sure that the system user that PHP runs at (such as www-data if you are running with Apache) can create and write to the file.

The file is opened in append-mode, and will therefore not be overwritten by default. There is no concurrency protection available.

The log file will include any attempt that Xdebug makes to connect to an IDE:

[2693358] Log opened at 2020-09-02 07:19:09.616195
[2693358] [Step Debug] INFO: Connecting to configured address/port: localhost:9003.
[2693358] [Step Debug] ERR: Could not connect to debugging client. Tried: localhost:9003 (through xdebug.client_host/xdebug.client_port) :-(
[2693358] [Profiler] ERR: File '/foo/cachegrind.out.2693358' could not be opened.
[2693358] [Profiler] WARN: /foo: No such file or directory
[2693358] [Tracing] ERR: File '/foo/trace.1485761369' could not be opened.
[2693358] [Tracing] WARN: /foo: No such file or directory
[2693358] Log closed at 2020-09-02 07:19:09.617510

It includes the opening time (2020-09-02 07:19:09.616195), the IP/Hostname and port Xdebug is trying to connect to (localhost:9003), and whether it succeeded (Connected to client :-)). The number in brackets ([2693358]) is the Process ID.

It includes:

[2693358]
process ID in brackets
2020-09-02 07:19:09.616195
opening time

For Step Debugging:

INFO: Connecting to configured address/port: localhost:9003.
ERR: Could not connect to debugging client. Tried: localhost:9003 (through xdebug.client_host/xdebug.client_port) :-(

For Profiling:

ERR: File '/foo/cachegrind.out.2693358' could not be opened.
WARN: /foo: No such file or directory

For Function Trace:

ERR: File '/foo/trace.1485761369' could not be opened.
WARN: /foo: No such file or directory

All warnings and errors are described on the Description of errors page, with detailed instructions on how to resolve the problem, if possible. All errors are always logged through PHP's internal logging mechanism (configured with error_log in php.ini). All warnings and errors also show up in the diagnostics log that you can view by calling xdebug_info().

Step Debugger Communication

The debugging log can also log the communication between Xdebug and an IDE. This communication is in XML, and starts with the <init XML element:

<init
    xmlns="urn:debugger_protocol_v1" xmlns:xdebug="https://xdebug.org/dbgp/xdebug"
    fileuri="file:///home/httpd/www.xdebug.org/html/router.php"
    language="PHP" xdebug:language_version="7.4.11-dev"
    protocol_version="1.0" appid="2693358" idekey="XDEBUG_ECLIPSE">
        <engine version="3.0.0-dev"><![CDATA[Xdebug]]></engine>
        <author><![CDATA[Derick Rethans]]></author>
        <url><![CDATA[https://xdebug.org]]></url>
        <copyright><![CDATA[Copyright (c) 2002-2020 by Derick Rethans]]></copyright>
</init>

The fileuri attribute lists the entry point of your application, which can be useful to compare to breakpoint_set commands to see if path mappings are set-up correctly.

Beyond the <init element, you will find the configuration of features:

<- feature_set -i 4 -n extended_properties -v 1
-> <response
       xmlns="urn:debugger_protocol_v1" xmlns:xdebug="https://xdebug.org/dbgp/xdebug"
       command="feature_set" transaction_id="4" feature="extended_properties" success="1">
   </response>

And continuation commands:

<- step_into -i 9
-> <response
       xmlns="urn:debugger_protocol_v1" xmlns:xdebug="https://xdebug.org/dbgp/xdebug"
       command="step_into" transaction_id="9"
       status="break" reason="ok">
           <xdebug:message filename="file:///home/httpd/www.xdebug.org/html/router.php" lineno="3">
           </xdebug:message>
   </response>

You can read about DBGP - A common debugger protocol specification at its dedicated documation page.

The xdebug.log_level setting controls how much information is logged.

Note: Many Linux distributions now use systemd, which implements private tmp directories. This means that when PHP is run through a web server or as PHP-FPM, the /tmp directory is prefixed with something akin to:

/tmp/systemd-private-ea3cfa882b4e478993e1994033fc5feb-apache.service-FfWZRg

integer xdebug.log_level = 7 #

Configures which logging messages should be emitted.

The following levels are supported:

LevelNameExample
1ErrorsConnection errors
3WarningsConnection warnings
5CommunicationProtocol messages
7InformationInformation while connecting
10DebugBreakpoint resolving information

Errors are also logged through PHP's internal logging mechanism (configured with error_log in php.ini).

Warnings and errors show up in the diagnostics log that you can view by calling xdebug_info().


string xdebug.mode = display #

This setting controls which Xdebug features are enabled.

The following values are accepted:

off
Nothing is enabled. Xdebug does no work besides checking whether functionality is enabled. Use this setting if you want close to 0 overhead.
develop
Enables Development Aids including the overloaded var_dump().
coverage
Enables Code Coverage Analysis to generate code coverage reports, mainly in combination with PHPUnit.
debug
Enables Step Debugging. This can be used to step through your code while it is running, and analyse values of variables.
gcstats
Enables Garbage Collection Statistics to collect statistics about PHP's Garbage Collection Mechanism.
profile
Enables Profiling, with which you can analyse performance bottlenecks with tools like KCacheGrind.
trace
Enables the Function Trace feature, which allows you record every function call, including arguments, variable assignment, and return value that is made during a request to a file.

Functions


xdebug_info() : void #

Show diagnostic information

This function returns an HTML page which shows diagnostic information. It is analogous to PHP's phpinfo() function.

The HTML output includes which mode is active, what the settings are, and diagnostic information in case there are problems with debugging connections, opening of files, etc.

Each warning and error in the diagnostics log also links through to the Description of errors documentation page.